Question: How Do Seafloor Spreading And Subduction Work Together?

What evidence is used to support seafloor spreading?

Several types of evidence supported Hess’s theory of sea-floor spreading: eruptions of molten material, magnetic stripes in the rock of the ocean floor, and the ages of the rocks themselves.

This evidence led scientists to look again at Wegener’s hypothesis of continental drift..

What is the process of the seafloor spreading?

Seafloor spreading is a geologic process in which tectonic plates—large slabs of Earth’s lithosphere—split apart from each other. … As tectonic plates slowly move away from each other, heat from the mantle’s convection currents makes the crust more plastic and less dense.

What is the difference between continental drift and seafloor spreading?

Continental drift is a very similar process to seafloor spreading. Continental drift is the gradual movement of continental plates over the Earth’s surface over time. … Seafloor spreading is the formation of new areas of oceanic crust due to the upwelling of magma as oceanic aparts pull apart.

What is the process of subduction?

Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced to sink due to high gravitational potential energy into the mantle. Regions where this process occurs are known as subduction zones.

What are the three types of seafloor spreading?

There are three types of plate-plate interactions based upon relative motion: convergent, where plates collide, divergent, where plates separate, and transform motion, where plates simply slide past each other.

Which is the first step in the seafloor spreading process?

A crack forms in oceanic crust. Molten rock rises up through oceanic crust. Molten rock solidifies at the center of the ridge.

Who discovered seafloor spreading?

Harry HessHarry Hess: One of the Discoverers of Seafloor Spreading main content.

Where is active seafloor spreading occurring today?

Where is active sea floor spreading occurring today? Seafloor spreading is the movement of old rock that is being pushed by the new young oceanic crust. This would be a divergent since the plates are separating from each other. Active seafloor spreading is occurring at mid-ocean ridges.

How do magnetic stripes on the ocean floor serve as evidence for seafloor spreading quizlet?

How do strips of magnetized rock on the ocean floor provide evidence of sea-floor spreading? Strips of ocean-floor basalt record the polarity of Earth’s magnetic field at the time the rock formed. … The pattern shows that ocean floor forms along mid-ocean ridges and then moves away from the ridge.

What is the first step of seafloor spreading quizlet?

1. A long crack in the oceanic crust forms at a mid ocean ridge. 2. Molten material rises and erupts along the ridge.

What is the importance of seafloor spreading?

Significance. Seafloor spreading helps explain continental drift in the theory of plate tectonics. When oceanic plates diverge, tensional stress causes fractures to occur in the lithosphere.

What is seafloor spreading simple?

Seafloor spreading happens at the bottom of an ocean as tectonic plates move apart. The seafloor moves and carries continents with it. … At the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (and other places), material from the upper mantle rises through the faults between oceanic plates. It forms new crust as the plates move away from each other.

What is the average speed of seafloor spreading?

approximately 5 centimeters a yearThe average speed of seafloor spreading is approximately 5 centimeters a year. This growth rate can be compared to the growth rate of human fingernails (Krupicka). The global ridge system consists of oceanic ridges. Seafloor spreading occurs at these elevated oceanic ridges and has high heat flow and volcanism.

What causes the plates to move?

The plates can be thought of like pieces of a cracked shell that rest on the hot, molten rock of Earth’s mantle and fit snugly against one another. The heat from radioactive processes within the planet’s interior causes the plates to move, sometimes toward and sometimes away from each other.