Question: Is Pulse Polio And OPV Same?

Is Pulse Polio necessary?

While there is no cure for polio, it can be prevented by taking vaccination at regular intervals, up to the age of 5.

For this, Government of India has taken the Pulse Polio initiative to make sure that children below 5 years of age are given polio vaccine timely..

Which one is better IPV or OPV?

IPV is also more expensive and more difficult to administer than OPV. OPV, on the other hand, provides better mucosal immunity than IPV, but because it’s a live virus, it can replicate and revert to a neurovirulent form that endangers its host and could fuel outbreaks.

Why do we do pulse polio?

The Pulse Polio Initiative was started with an objective of achieving hundred per cent coverage under Oral Polio Vaccine. It aimed to immunize children through improved social mobilization, plan mop-up operations in areas where poliovirus has almost disappeared and maintain high level of morale among the public.

What is difference between IPV and OPV?

At a Glance Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) is the only polio vaccine that has been given in the United States since 2000. IPV is given by shot in the leg or arm, depending on the patient’s age. Oral polio vaccine (OPV) is used in other countries. CDC recommends that children get four doses of polio vaccine.

When polio drops should not be given?

When to Delay or Avoid IPV Immunization The vaccine is not recommended if your child: has a severe allergy to the antibiotics neomycin, streptomycin, or polymyxin B. had a serious allergic reaction to an earlier IPV shot.

Why it is called Pulse Polio?

Why does it matter? An early experiment in Vellore in 1978 showed that pulses delivered to a large cohort of children gave them strong immunity even when the vaccine was not so potent. This was because vaccine pulses rapidly replaced the wild-polio virus circulating in the community with the vaccine-virus.

Which day is marked as Pulse Polio Day?

October 24October 24 is observed as World Polio Day every year in order to call on countries to stay vigilant in their fight against the disease. As per the WHO, since 1980, the cases of wild poliovirus have decreased by over 99.9 per cent as a result of vaccination efforts made around the world.

Why is IPV preferred over OPV?

At least one dose of IPV must be introduced, given in addition to OPV, to protect against type 2 poliovirus and to boost population immunity. The switch from tOPV to bOPV will reduce the risk of vaccine associated polio and increase protection from types 1 and 3 polioviruses.

Why is OPV no longer used?

According to the World Health Organization, routine immunization with OPV must cease after the eradication of poliovirus because of the danger of outbreaks of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus and the risk of VAPP.

Can you get polio twice?

Does past infection with polio make a person immune? There are three types of polio virus. Lifelong immunity usually depends on which type of virus a person contracts. Second attacks are rare and result from infection with a polio virus of a different type than the first attack.

What is pulse polio vaccine?

Pulse Polio is an immunisation campaign established by the government of India to eliminate poliomyelitis (polio) in India by vaccinating all children under the age of five years against the polio virus. The project fights polio through a large-scale, pulse vaccination programme and monitoring for poliomyelitis cases.

Should polio drops be given every month?

For protection, all children must be immunized against polio, with OPV every time it is offered. Polio is a proven safe vaccine. There are no side effects to OPV, and it is not harmful to take it multiple times.

How many times pulse polio drops should be given in a year?

OPV is the WHO-recommended vaccine for the global eradication of polio. Each child requires just two drops per dose to be immunized against polio. Usually administered four times if the EPI schedule is followed, OPV is safe and effective in providing protection against the paralyzing poliovirus.

Who started the Pulse Polio Programme?

President Pranab MukherjeeNew Delhi: In an attempt to prevent the risk of importation of polio from a few countries, President Pranab Mukherjee launched the pulse polio programme for 2017 by administering polio drops on Saturday to children below five years at the Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Is it important to obtain both OPV and IPV Why?

Why does my child need both? Your child needs both IPV and OPV to ensure his/her protection from polio. OPV is given orally, providing protection in the mouth, in the intestines, and then in the blood. Protection in the mouth and intestines are important as polioviruses infect the mouth and multiply in the intestines.