Quick Answer: How Long Does Compartment Syndrome Last?

Who is at risk for compartment syndrome?

Although people of any age can develop chronic exertional compartment syndrome, the condition is most common in male and female athletes under age 30.

Type of exercise.

Repetitive impact activity — such as running — increases your risk of developing the condition.

Overtraining..

Why do you not elevate with compartment syndrome?

If a developing compartment syndrome is suspected, place the affected limb or limbs at the level of the heart. Elevation is contraindicated because it decreases arterial flow and narrows the arterial-venous pressure gradient.

Is compartment syndrome painful?

The classic sign of acute compartment syndrome is pain, especially when the muscle within the compartment is stretched. The pain is more intense than what would be expected from the injury itself. Using or stretching the involved muscles increases the pain.

What happens if compartment syndrome goes untreated?

Compartment syndrome can develop when there’s bleeding or swelling within a compartment. This can cause pressure to build up inside the compartment, which can prevent blood flow. It can cause permanent damage if left untreated, as the muscles and nerves won’t get the nutrients and oxygen they need.

What is the hallmark sign of compartment syndrome?

There are five characteristic signs and symptoms related to acute compartment syndrome: pain, paraesthesia (reduced sensation), paralysis, pallor, and pulselessness. Pain and paresthesia are the early symptoms of compartment syndrome.

Is massage good for compartment syndrome?

Sports massage can reduce the tension in the muscles in the affected compartment. This, in turn, reduces the strain on the tendons attached to the bone of the compartment, allowing it to heal. It also prevents the Syndrome from re-occurring once you resume your sport.

How do you fix compartment syndrome without surgery?

Doctors may recommend non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen or naproxen to reduce inflammation and swelling in the affected muscle compartments and alleviate pain. These medications are available without a prescription and are taken by mouth.

Do compression socks help compartment?

Chronic exertional compartment syndrome is the result of increased pressure in one or more of the 4 compartments in each lower leg. Since the basic problem is increase in muscle compartment pressures, compression stockings will likely not help with your symptoms.

What are the two types of compartment syndrome?

There are two types of compartment syndrome: acute and chronic. Thick bands of tissue called fascia divide groups of muscles in the arms and legs.

Does compartment syndrome go away?

Symptoms usually go away with rest, and muscle function remains normal. Exertional compartment syndrome can feel like shin splints and be confused with that condition.

How long does it take for compartment syndrome to heal?

Complete recovery from compartment syndrome typically takes three or four months.

How do you treat compartment syndrome?

The only option to treat acute compartment syndrome is surgery. The procedure, called a fasciotomy, involves a surgeon cutting open the skin and the fascia to relieve the pressure. Options to treat chronic compartment syndrome include physiotherapy, shoe inserts, and anti-inflammatory medications.

How do you check for compartment syndrome?

Compartment Pressure Testing To perform this test, a doctor first injects a small amount of anesthesia into the affected muscles to numb them. He or she inserts a handheld device attached to a needle into the muscle compartment to measure the amount of pressure inside the compartment.