Quick Answer: What Are The Steps In The Process Of Seafloor Spreading?

What are conditions like on the seafloor?

The lack of light in the deep ocean also means that it is very cold down there; below about 200 meters (656 feet) depth, ocean waters have an average temperature of only 4°C (39°F)..

What is the average speed of seafloor spreading?

approximately 5 centimeters a yearThe average speed of seafloor spreading is approximately 5 centimeters a year. This growth rate can be compared to the growth rate of human fingernails (Krupicka). The global ridge system consists of oceanic ridges. Seafloor spreading occurs at these elevated oceanic ridges and has high heat flow and volcanism.

What are the 4 steps of seafloor spreading?

Terms in this set (7)Magma comes out of the rift valley.Magma cools to rock and hardens.Rock is pushed away as new rock is formed at MOR.Oceanic crust and continental crust meet at the trench.Oceanic crust bends down under the continental crust.Gravity pulls rock towards mantle.Rock melts to mantle.

What causes seafloor spreading quizlet?

During sea-floor spreading, magma erupts along a mid-ocean ridge to form new oceanic lithosphere. The floor then moves away from the ridge, often toward a trench at the edge of the ocean basin. … These strips form a pattern that is the same on both sides of the mid-ocean ridge.

Where is active seafloor spreading occurring today?

Where is active sea floor spreading occurring today? Seafloor spreading is the movement of old rock that is being pushed by the new young oceanic crust. This would be a divergent since the plates are separating from each other. Active seafloor spreading is occurring at mid-ocean ridges.

Where does seafloor spreading occur quizlet?

Where does seafloor spreading occur? This process occurs along divergent plate boundaries at areas called mid-ocean ridges.

What boundaries can destroy seafloor?

At convergent plate boundaries, oceanic crust is often forced down into the mantle where it begins to melt. Magma rises into and through the other plate, solidifying into granite, the rock that makes up the continents. Thus, at convergent boundaries, continental crust is created and oceanic crust is destroyed.

How do seafloor spreading and subduction work together?

As subduction occurs, crust closer to a mid-ocean ridge moves away from the ridge and toward a deep-ocean trench. Sea-floor spreading and subduction work together. They move the ocean floor as if it were on a giant conveyor belt. … In the process of subduction, oceanic crust sinks down beneath the trench into the mantle.

What is the theory of seafloor spreading quizlet?

In sea-floor spreading, the sea floor spreads apart along both sides of a mid-ocean ridge as new crust is added. As a result, the ocean floors move like conveyor belts, carrying the continents along with them. … an undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced.

What are the three types of seafloor spreading?

There are three types of plate-plate interactions based upon relative motion: convergent, where plates collide, divergent, where plates separate, and transform motion, where plates simply slide past each other.

Why is seafloor spreading like a moving conveyor belt?

In sea-floor spreading, the sea floor spreads apart along both sides of a mid-ocean ridge as new crust is added. As a result, the ocean floors move like conveyor belts, carrying the continents along with them.

What are the main features of the deep seafloor?

Features of the ocean include the continental shelf, slope, and rise. The ocean floor is called the abyssal plain. Below the ocean floor, there are a few small deeper areas called ocean trenches. Features rising up from the ocean floor include seamounts, volcanic islands and the mid-oceanic ridges and rises.

Why is seafloor spreading important?

Significance. Seafloor spreading helps explain continental drift in the theory of plate tectonics. … At a spreading center, basaltic magma rises up the fractures and cools on the ocean floor to form new seabed. Hydrothermal vents are common at spreading centers.

What causes tectonic plates to move?

The heat from radioactive processes within the planet’s interior causes the plates to move, sometimes toward and sometimes away from each other. This movement is called plate motion, or tectonic shift.

What is seafloor spreading simple?

Seafloor spreading happens at the bottom of an ocean as tectonic plates move apart. The seafloor moves and carries continents with it. … At the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (and other places), material from the upper mantle rises through the faults between oceanic plates. It forms new crust as the plates move away from each other.

What is the process of magnetic striping?

At spreading centres, this crust is separated into parallel bands of rock by successive waves of emergent magma. When Earth’s geomagnetic field undergoes a reversal, the change in polarity is recorded in the magma, which contributes to the alternating pattern of magnetic striping on the seafloor.

Which is the first step in the seafloor spreading process quizlet?

1. A long crack in the oceanic crust forms at a mid ocean ridge. 2. Molten material rises and erupts along the ridge.

What three types of evidence provide support for the theory of seafloor spreading?

Several types of evidence supported Hess’s theory of sea-floor spreading: eruptions of molten material, magnetic stripes in the rock of the ocean floor, and the ages of the rocks themselves. This evidence led scientists to look again at Wegener’s hypothesis of continental drift.

What is the movement of one plate below another called?

Answer: Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced to sink due to high gravitational potential energy into the mantle. Regions where this process occurs are known as subduction zones.

What are some examples of seafloor spreading?

Seafloor spreading occurs along mid-ocean ridges—large mountain ranges rising from the ocean floor. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, for instance, separates the North American plate from the Eurasian plate, and the South American plate from the African plate.

What does the seafloor look like?

All the way down At depths below about 4,000 m (2.5 mi), the seafloor is called the abyssal plain. It is essentially flat because the rugged topography of the underlying basaltic crust is draped in sediment that can be up to five km (three mi) thick. The abyssal plains cover 25% of the Earth’s surface.

What happens to the seafloor at trenches?

Trenches are formed by subduction, a geophysical process in which two or more of Earth’s tectonic plates converge and the older, denser plate is pushed beneath the lighter plate and deep into the mantle, causing the seafloor and outermost crust (the lithosphere) to bend and form a steep, V-shaped depression.

Which is the first step in the seafloor spreading process?

A crack forms in oceanic crust. Molten rock rises up through oceanic crust. Molten rock solidifies at the center of the ridge.

In which direction does the ocean floor move in the process of seafloor spreading?

What is the process of sea-floor spreading? In sea-floor spreading, the sea floor spreads apart along both sides of a mid-ocean ridge as new crust is added. As a result, the ocean floors move like conveyor belts, carrying the continents along with them.