- What is the average salinity of an estuary?
- What is impacting estuaries in a negative way?
- What exactly is an estuary?
- How are humans affecting wetlands?
- What is a salt wedge estuary?
- What is an inverse estuary?
- How are estuaries classified?
- What is the largest estuary in the United States?
- What is a positive estuary?
What is the average salinity of an estuary?
In fresh water the concentration of salts, or salinity, is nearly zero.
The salinity of water in the ocean averages about 35 parts per thousand (ppt).
The mixture of seawater and fresh water in estuaries is called brackish water and its salinity can range from 0.5 to 35 ppt..
What is impacting estuaries in a negative way?
Poor water quality affects most estuarine organisms, including commercially important fish and shellfish. The pollutants that have the greatest impact on the health of estuaries include toxic substances like chemicals and heavy metals, nutrient pollution (or eutrophication), and pathogens such as bacteria or viruses.
What exactly is an estuary?
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. Estuaries form a transition zone between river environments and maritime environments known as ecotone.
How are humans affecting wetlands?
Pollution of freshwater wetlands Many wetlands, particularly those near cities, have been polluted by human activities. … Changed land use has led to the eutrophication of wetlands due to increased nutrients in the form of sedimentation, fertiliser run-off and organic wastes entering wetlands.
What is a salt wedge estuary?
Salt-wedge estuaries are the most stratified, or least mixed, of all estuaries (Molles, 2002; Ross, 1995). They are also called highly stratified estuaries. Salt-wedge estuaries occur when a rapidly flowing river discharges into the ocean where tidal currents are weak.
What is an inverse estuary?
Inverse estuary Inverse estuaries occur in dry climates where evaporation greatly exceeds the inflow of freshwater. … In these systems, the salinity maximum zone acts like a plug, inhibiting the mixing of estuarine and oceanic waters so that freshwater does not reach the ocean.
How are estuaries classified?
Estuaries are typically classified by their existing geology or their geologic origins (in other words, how they were formed). The four major types of estuaries classified by their geology are drowned river valley, bar-built, tectonic, and fjords.
What is the largest estuary in the United States?
Chesapeake BayThe Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States and is one of the most productive bodies of water in the world. The Chesapeake watershed spans 64,000 squares miles , covering parts of six states — Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia.
What is a positive estuary?
Term. positive estuary. Definition. An estuary in which the surface water from the river flows out to sea and saltwater from the ocean moves into the estuary along the bottom.