Quick Answer: Where Is The Mid Ocean Ridge?

What is the meaning of Mid Ocean Ridge?

mid-ocean ridge.

[ mĭd′ō′shən ] A long mountain range on the ocean floor, extending almost continuously through the North and South Atlantic Oceans, the Indian Ocean, and the South Pacific Ocean.

A deep rift valley is located at its center, from which magma flows and forms new oceanic crust..

What is another name for a mid ocean ridge?

A mid-ocean ridge (MOR) is a seafloor mountain system formed by plate tectonics.

Why are rocks next to the Mid Ocean Ridge younger than those farther away from the ridges?

How did scientists discover that rocks farther away from the mid-ocean ridge were older that those near the ridge? Oceanic crust near the mid-ocean ridge is younger than the crust farther from the ridge. … The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle.

What volcanoes form at mid ocean ridges?

Characteristics of submarine basaltic eruptions MID-OCEAN RIDGES, NEAR-RIDGE SEAMOUNTS, HOT SPOT VOLCANOES, CALIFORNIA MARGIN SEAMOUNTS – Basaltic volcanism in the deep oceans has long been thought to consist of quietly effusive discharge of lava to form pillow, lobate, and sheet flows.

Where can you walk on the Mid Ocean Ridge?

Iceland represents the largest portion of the mid-Atlantic ridge exposed above sea level. Formed from volcanic eruptions on the Mid-Atlantic ridge, about 24 million years ago, it is one of the few places where you can stand on the ridge on dry land.

What is the longest mid ocean ridge on Earth?

The mid-ocean ridge is the longest mountain range on Earth. The longest mountain range on Earth is called the mid-ocean ridge. Spanning 40,389 miles around the globe, it’s truly a global landmark.

What can you find in mid ocean ridge?

Mid-ocean ridges occur along divergent plate boundaries, where new ocean floor is created as the Earth’s tectonic plates spread apart. As the plates separate, molten rock rises to the seafloor, producing enormous volcanic eruptions of basalt.

How long is mid ocean ridge?

60,000 kilometersAt nearly 60,000 kilometers (37,000 miles) long, the mid-ocean is the longest mountain range on Earth. It formed and evolves as a result of spreading in Earth’s lithosphere—the crust and upper mantle—at the divergent boundaries between tectonic plates.

Which mid ocean ridge is spreading the slowest?

The Ridge is named after him, and the name was recognized in April 1987 by SCUFN (under that body’s old name, the Sub-Committee on Geographical Names and Nomenclature of Ocean Bottom Features). The ridge is the slowest known spreading ridge on earth, with a rate of less than one centimeter per year.

Which is part of a mid ocean ridge?

A mid-ocean ridge or mid-oceanic ridge is an underwater mountain range, formed by plate tectonics. This uplifting of the ocean floor occurs when convection currents rise in the mantle beneath the oceanic crust and create magma where two tectonic plates meet at a divergent boundary.

What is an example of a mid ocean ridge?

Mid-ocean ridges form where two tectonic plates are pulling apart, also called seafloor spreading. … The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which is spreading one to two inches a year, along with the East Pacific Rise, which is spreading two to six inches a year, are two examples of very long mid-ocean ridges.