Quick Answer: Which Of The Following Diagnostic Procedures Measures Cardiac Fitness?

What are the 5 Major blood vessels?

There are five main types of blood vessels: arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules and veins.

Arteries carry blood away from the heart to other organs..

Which diagnostic procedure involves passing a thin tube through a blood vessel into the heart?

Catheterization Cardiac catheterizationCardiac catheterization is a procedure used to diagnose and treat certain heart conditions. It involves threading a thin tube through a blood vessel to the heart. The tubes may be placed on the left or right side of your heart.

Which term means fast heartbeat?

fibrillationthe heart is beating too fast. the heartbeat is dangerously irregular. Which term means fast heartbeat? fibrillation.

What are the main structures of the heart?

The heart is divided into four chambers consisting of two atria and two ventricles; the atria receive blood, while the ventricles pump blood. The right atrium receives blood from the superior and inferior vena cavas and the coronary sinus; blood then moves to the right ventricle where it is pumped to the lungs.

Can ECG detect heart blockage?

Your doctor may use an electrocardiogram to determine or detect: Abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmias) If blocked or narrowed arteries in your heart (coronary artery disease) are causing chest pain or a heart attack. Whether you have had a previous heart attack.

Can blood test detect blocked arteries?

A Duke Health pilot project suggests that in the near future, a blood test could show whether arteries carrying blood to the heart are narrow or blocked, a risk factor for heart disease.

What is the best medicine for the heart?

The Big 6 Heart MedicationsStatins — to lower LDL cholesterol. … Aspirin — to prevent blood clots. … Clopidogrel — to prevent blood clots. … Warfarin — to prevent blood clots. … Beta-blockers — to treat heart attack and heart failure and sometimes used to lower blood pressure. … ACE inhibitors — to treat heart failure and lower blood pressure.

What are the small veins called?

venulesVeins. Veins carry blood toward the heart. After blood passes through the capillaries, it enters the smallest veins, called venules.

Which layer of the heart is responsible for contracting blood?

myocardiumThe myocardium is the muscular middle layer of the heart wall that contains the cardiac muscle tissue. Myocardium makes up the majority of the thickness and mass of the heart wall and is the part of the heart responsible for pumping blood. Below the myocardium is the thin endocardium layer. Endocardium.

What are some tubes connected to the heart?

It moves through many tubes called arteries and veins, which together are called blood vessels. These blood vessels are attached to the heart. The blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart are called arteries. The ones that carry blood back to the heart are called veins.

Which term means too much pressure?

cardiologist. Which term means high pressure? hypertension.

How blood flows through the heart step by step?

Blood flows through your heart and lungs in four steps:The right atrium receives oxygen-poor blood from the body and pumps it to the right ventricle through the tricuspid valve.The right ventricle pumps the oxygen-poor blood to the lungs through the pulmonary valve.More items…

What is the difference between artery vein and capillary?

Arteries carry oxygenated blood away from the heart. … The capillaries then deliver the waste-rich blood to the veins for transport back to the lungs and heart. Veins carry the blood back to the heart. They’re similar to arteries but not as strong or as thick.

What is a small artery known as?

The arteries’ smaller branches are called arterioles and capillaries. The pulmonary arteries carry oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs under low pressure, making these arteries unique.

What are the major vessels of the heart?

Five great vessels enter and leave the heart: the superior and inferior vena cava, the pulmonary artery, the pulmonary vein, and the aorta. The superior vena cava and inferior vena cava are veins that return deoxygenated blood from circulation in the body and empty it into the right atrium.

How do we keep the circulatory system healthy?

Tips for circulatory healthMaintain a healthy weight.Don’t smoke.Exercise a minimum of 30 minutes a day, most days of the week.Maintain a healthy, low-fat, low-cholesterol diet with more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.Avoid trans fats and saturated fats, which are often found in processed foods and fast food.More items…

Which term means process of recording a vessel group of answer choices?

Which term means process of recording a vessel? Angi/o means vessel and -graphy means process of recording; thus, angiography means process of recording a vessel. Arteri/o means artery, so arteriography means process of recording an artery. … Angiospasm is an involuntary muscle contraction of a vessel.

Which term means hardened artery?

AtherosclerosisAtherosclerosis, sometimes called “hardening of the arteries,” occurs when fat, cholesterol, and other substances build up in the walls of arteries. These deposits are called plaques.

How do you check heart veins?

Coronary angiogram: A type of X-ray used to examine the coronary arteries supplying blood to your heart. A catheter is inserted into a blood vessel in your arm or groin and fed up to your heart and coronary arteries. Special dye is then injected through the catheter and images are taken.

What is the process of recording a vessel?

Doing this by injecting a contrast medium and taking an X-ray is called angiography and the photo is called an angiogram. Here’s an example. A method of making video images of blood vessels is sonography.

Which surgical procedure removes the damaged inner lining of an artery?

Carotid endarterectomyCarotid endarterectomy is an operation during which the vascular surgeon removes the inner lining of your carotid artery if it has become thickened or damaged. This procedure eliminates a substance called plaque from your artery and can restore blood flow.