What Are The Three Principles Of Fracture Management?

What are the 2 types of fractures?

Types of FracturesGreenstick – Incomplete fracture.

Transverse – The break is in a straight line across the bone.Spiral – The break spirals around the bone; common in a twisting injury.Oblique – Diagonal break across the bone.Compression – The bone is crushed, causing the broken bone to be wider or flatter in appearance.More items….

Which treatment is best for bone fracture?

Diagnosis and treatment of bone fracturesSplints – to stop movement of the broken limb.Braces – to support the bone.Plaster cast – to provide support and immobilise the bone.Traction – a less common option.Surgically inserted metal rods or plates – to hold the bone pieces together.Pain relief.

What type of fractures require surgery?

Bone fracture repair is used when a broken bone doesn’t or wouldn’t heal properly with casting or splinting alone. Improper healing that requires ORIF surgery can occur in cases when the bone is sticking through the skin (compound fractures) and fractures that involve joints, such as wrists and ankles.

How do you ease the pain of a fracture?

There are several pain management options for bone fractures. These methods include medication (such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen with codeine, and Vicodin) immobilization and stabilization.

How do you immobilize a fracture?

A cast or splint will immobilize the bone (keep it from moving) in order to encourage the bones to align (straighten) and to prevent use of the bone. In some cases when the bone is small (toes or fingers), no cast is needed and the fracture is immobilized by wrapping.

How can you reduce a fracture?

Steps to prevent fragile bonesConsume adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D (see “Recommended Calcium and Vitamin D Intake” chart).Exercise several times a week.Ask your doctor about a bone mineral density test.Ask about medications to slow bone loss and reduce fracture risk.

How do I know if my bone is fractured?

Signs of a broken bone include:Pain located directly on top of the bone – where there is no soft tissue.Pain becomes worse when you apply pressure or move the injured limb.Severe swelling, or bruising over the top of the bone, numbness or tingling.A “cracking” (not “popping”) sound at the time of the injury.More items…

What is the first aid treatment for fracture?

Apply pressure to the wound with a sterile bandage, a clean cloth or a clean piece of clothing. Immobilize the injured area. Don’t try to realign the bone or push a bone that’s sticking out back in.

What are the goals of fracture management?

When they heal, but heal in abnormal alignment, we call them malunions. So, the basic goals of fracture management are to decrease pain, correct deformity, and increase the chances of fracture healing. One of the oldest treatments for fractured extremities is traction.

How can I make a fracture heal faster?

Home remedies to speed up repairTake protein supplements. As a large part of a bone is composed of protein, taking protein supplements can help the bone to rebuild and heal itself. … Take antioxidants. … Take mineral supplements. … Take vitamin supplements. … Take herbal supplements. … Exercise. … Avoid smoking.

Will drinking milk help a broken bone heal faster?

When you have a fracture, your body needs it to build new bone for the repair. It also helps your body take in and use calcium, another key nutrient for healthy bones. Good sources: Meat, fish, milk, cheese, cottage cheese, yogurt, nuts, seeds, beans, soy products, and fortified cereals.

What is the most serious type of fracture?

A comminuted fracture can be very serious. In this type of fracture, a bone actually breaks into several fragments. Small bones, such as the bones in the hands or feet, are highly susceptible to comminuted fracture. Comminuted fractures often occur following a car accident or another serious event.

What is the most common type of fracture?

7 Most Common Bone FracturesCollarbone Fracture. The collarbone, or clavicle, is one of the most frequently broken bones. … Wrist Fracture. If you fall, you’re likely to catch yourself by putting out your hands. … Ankle Fracture. … Vertebral Fracture. … Hip Fracture. … Forearm Fracture. … Shinbone Fracture.

How long does a fracture take to heal?

A broken bone and the surrounding soft tissue damage need a minimum of six to eight weeks to heal. However, depending on your general health and the condition of your bone and soft tissue, healing can take much longer. For example, osteoporotic bones take longer to heal than normal bones.

What is the management of fracture?

Fracture management can be divided into nonoperative and operative techniques. The nonoperative approach consists of a closed reduction if required, followed by a period of immobilization with casting or splinting. Closed reduction is needed if the fracture is significantly displaced or angulated.

What are the 3 main types of fractures?

In this article we look at the three primary types of fractures: open, closed, and displaced fractures.Open Fracture. When a broken bone breaks through the skin, it is classified as an open fracture. … Closed Fracture. … Displaced Fracture. … Subcategories.

Which types of fractures are most difficult to repair?

Example: A comminuted fracture is the most difficult to repair due to the bone having fractured into numerous pieces. Multiple bone pieces require more effort to hold them together in the ideal position for healing.

What are the 10 types of fractures?

Different types of bone fractures can be open, closed, stable, displaced, partial, or complete.Transverse Fracture. Transverse fractures are breaks that are in a straight line across the bone. … Spiral Fracture. … Greenstick Fracture. … Stress Fracture. … Compression Fracture. … Oblique Fracture. … Impacted Fracture. … Segmental Fracture.More items…•