- What is a Greenstick fracture?
- What is a Chaput fracture?
- What is a Tillaux fracture?
- How many types of Salter Harris fractures are there?
- How long does it takes for a fracture to heal?
- What is the commonest complication of Colles fracture?
- What is Maisonneuve fracture?
- What is Type 2 fracture?
- What is a triplane fracture?
- What is the epiphysis?
- What is a Level 4 fracture?
- What is epiphyseal fracture?
- How do you treat a Salter Harris fracture?
- What is the Salter Harris classification system?
- What happens if you fracture a growth plate?
What is a Greenstick fracture?
A greenstick fracture occurs when a bone bends and cracks, instead of breaking completely into separate pieces.
The fracture looks similar to what happens when you try to break a small, “green” branch on a tree.
Most greenstick fractures occur in children younger than 10 years of age..
What is a Chaput fracture?
Abstract. Chaput tubercle fracture occurs at the antero-lateral position of the distal tibia in adult as a counterpart of adolescent Tillaux fracture. It is a case of adult male which presented to us with onset of acute pain, swelling and restricted movements of ankle after a road side accident.
What is a Tillaux fracture?
The term Tillaux fracture is an eponym describing a fracture of the anterolateral tibial epiphysis that is commonly seen in adolescents. The fragment is avulsed due to the strong anterior tibiofibular ligament in an external rotation injury of the foot in relation to the leg.
How many types of Salter Harris fractures are there?
There are nine types of Salter–Harris fractures; types I to V as described by Robert B Salter and W Robert Harris in 1963, and the rarer types VI to IX which have been added subsequently: Type I – transverse fracture through the growth plate (also referred to as the “physis”): 6% incidence.
How long does it takes for a fracture to heal?
How Long Does a Fracture Take to Heal? Most fractures heal in 6-8 weeks, but this varies tremendously from bone to bone and in each person based on many of the factors discussed above. Hand and wrist fractures often heal in 4-6 weeks whereas a tibia fracture may take 20 weeks or more.
What is the commonest complication of Colles fracture?
Other injuries causing radial sided pain may include TFCC tear or perforation, Galeazzi fracture (fracture to the distal 2/3 of the radius), scaphoid fracture, or radiocarpal ligament injury. Malunion – Distal radius malunion is the most common complication, affecting up to 17% of patients.
What is Maisonneuve fracture?
The Maisonneuve fracture is a spiral fracture of the upper third of the fibula associated with a tear of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis and the interosseous membrane. There is an associated fracture of the medial malleolus or rupture of the deep deltoid ligament.
What is Type 2 fracture?
Type 2. This fracture occurs when the growth plate is hit and splits away from the joint along with a small piece of the bone shaft. This is the most common type and happens most often in children over 10. About 75 percent of Salter-Harris fractures are type 2.
What is a triplane fracture?
Overview. triplane fractures are a traumatic ankle fracture seen in children 10-17 years of age characterized by a complex SH IV fracture pattern in multiple planes. treatment is closed reduction or surgical fixation depending on the degree of fracture displacement.
What is the epiphysis?
Epiphysis, expanded end of the long bones in animals, which ossifies separately from the bone shaft but becomes fixed to the shaft when full growth is attained. The epiphysis is made of spongy cancellous bone covered by a thin layer of compact bone.
What is a Level 4 fracture?
A type IV fracture is the second most common Salter-Harris fracture and occurs in about 10-12% of cases (see the images below). It involves all 3 elements of the bone, passing through the epiphysis, physis, and metaphysis.
What is epiphyseal fracture?
Summary. Although epiphyseal fractures are infrequent about the stable upper tibial epiphysis and well-protected hip, moderately rare at the shoulder, and uncommon at the distal end of the femur, they are daily problems in treatment of fractures in children at the wrist, elbow, and ankle.
How do you treat a Salter Harris fracture?
Frequently, Salter-Harris fractures can be reduced manually. For severe fractures, a procedure called an open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) may be required in which open surgery is performed to correct the bone position. Pinning and screws can help secure the bone fragments in place.
What is the Salter Harris classification system?
Salter (1924–2010) and W. Robert Harris (1922–2005), created a physeal fracture classification system based on anatomy, fracture pattern, and prognosis . Salter and Harris described two major types of epiphyseal plates: the pressure epiphysis and the traction epiphysis.
What happens if you fracture a growth plate?
Growth plate fracture If a fracture goes through a growth plate, it can result in a shorter or crooked limb. A growth plate fracture affects the layer of growing tissue near the ends of a child’s bones.