Which Feature Of Earth Is Created At Mid Ocean Ridges?

What are some examples of mid ocean ridges?

Mid-ocean ridges are typically half a mile to six miles wide and over a mile underwater.

Two of the most well-known mid-ocean ridges are the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the East Pacific Rise.

As you might guess, most of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge is in the Atlantic, and most of the East Pacific Rise is in the Pacific..

Where are the mid ocean ridges?

The Mid-Atlantic Ridge extends from south of Iceland to the extreme South Atlantic Ocean near 60° S latitude. It bisects the Atlantic Ocean basin, which led to the earlier designation of mid-ocean ridge for features of this type.

What kinds of indirect evidence do geologist use?

What type of indirect evidence do geologists use to study the structure of Earth? Geologists use seismic waves. The speed of seismic waves and the paths they take reveal how the planet is put together. They learned the Earth is made up of several layers.

How are the mid ocean ridges formed?

It formed and evolves as a result of spreading in Earth’s lithosphere—the crust and upper mantle—at the divergent boundaries between tectonic plates. The vast majority of volcanic activity on the planet occurs along the mid-ocean ridge, and it is the place where the crust of the Earth is born.

Which types of evidence do geologist usually study?

Geologists have used two main types of evidence to learn about Earth’s interior: direct evidence from rock samples and indirect evidence from seismic waves. The geologists in Figure 2 are observing rock on Earth’s surface.

Which mid ocean ridge is spreading the slowest?

The Ridge is named after him, and the name was recognized in April 1987 by SCUFN (under that body’s old name, the Sub-Committee on Geographical Names and Nomenclature of Ocean Bottom Features). The ridge is the slowest known spreading ridge on earth, with a rate of less than one centimeter per year.

What is the largest mid ocean ridge?

The mid-ocean ridge is the longest mountain range on Earth. The longest mountain range on Earth is called the mid-ocean ridge. Spanning 40,389 miles around the globe, it’s truly a global landmark. About 90 percent of the mid-ocean ridge system is under the ocean.

Which feature of Earth is created at mid ocean ridges Brainly?

The correct answer is – underwater mountain ranges.

What two features occur at mid ocean ridges?

Mid-ocean ridges occur along divergent plate boundaries, where new ocean floor is created as the Earth’s tectonic plates spread apart. As the plates separate, molten rock rises to the seafloor, producing enormous volcanic eruptions of basalt.

Which feature of Earth is created at mid ocean ridges quizlet?

Seafloor spreading is a process that occurs at mid-ocean ridges, where new oceanic crust is formed through volcanic activity and then gradually moves away from the ridge. Seafloor spreading helps explain continental drift in the theory of plate tectonics.

Which type of rock is most likely to form because of high heat and pressure?

Metamorphic rocksMetamorphic rocks started out as some other type of rock, but have been substantially changed from their original igneous, sedimentary, or earlier metamorphic form. Metamorphic rocks form when rocks are subjected to high heat, high pressure, hot mineral-rich fluids or, more commonly, some combination of these factors.

What objects can an S wave travel through?

S-waves can travel only through solids, because only solids have rigidity. S-waves cannot travel through liquids or gases. Because the earth’s mantle becomes more rigid as its depth below the asthenosphere increases, S-waves travel faster as they go deeper in the mantle.

What do mid ocean ridges look like?

Ridge Types. In the Atlantic Ocean, the mid-ocean ridge is called the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. It curves from the Arctic Ocean southward, through Iceland, down the center of the Atlantic, and around the bottom of Africa. … Pacific Rise have smoother topography at the ridge crest, and look somewhat like domes.

Why are rocks next to the Mid Ocean Ridge younger than those farther away from the ridges?

How did scientists discover that rocks farther away from the mid-ocean ridge were older that those near the ridge? Oceanic crust near the mid-ocean ridge is younger than the crust farther from the ridge. … The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle.

What is a famous mid ocean ridge?

Gakkel Ridge – A mid-oceanic ridge under the Arctic Ocean between the North American Plate and the Eurasian Plate(Mid-Arctic Ridge) Pacific-Antarctic Ridge – Tectonic plate boundary in the South Pacific Ocean. Central Indian Ridge – A north-south-trending mid-ocean ridge in the western Indian Ocean.